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India Targets IPv6 Migration Completion By March 2012

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IPv6 task force units will be in place soon

All the committees and working groups forming part of the IPv6 Task Force that will oversee the country's transition to a ‘new' global web-address protocol are expected to be in place by this month-end.

Deadlines have been set for different stakeholders to prepare themselves for the major change, and a road map spelling out the details of the migration from Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) to Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) was officially released in July.

Version 4 of the protocol, which has so far been dominantly used on the Internet, is made up of a set of numbers that help to identify web addresses, besides facilitating communication from one point to the other. As the Internet grew phenomenally, the sets of numbers that could be used as digital addresses started getting exhausted, making it imperative that a new and expanded system with the potential for a tremendously larger number of unique addresses be deployed to keep it going. The world will run out of IPv4 addresses in a matter of months, experts say.

It is, however, not as if the IPv4 system would be shut down to make way for the new one. Both systems will co-exist; the future will however belong to the IPv6 system which has slowly been gaining global acceptance in recent years. Meanwhile, various techniques will be used to facilitate communication between the two. Isolated IPv6 networks will also have to communicate with each other using the IPv4 networks till they gain ground.

The National IPv6 Deployment Road Map detailed the creation of the Task Force which was to have several committees and working groups to pave the way for this transition, a major technical challenge for infrastructure and service providers in the country besides the government itself. It will be very difficult, “if not impossible,” to acquire new IPv4 addresses after mid-2012.

The Task Force was to be made up of officials from the Departments of Telecommunications and Information Technology, organisations such as the National Internet Exchange of India, the Education and Research Network and the National Informatics Centre, as well as various other Central and State government departments and agencies, and representatives of telecom and Internet service providers, educational institutions, industry associations, equipment vendors and content providers, software vendors and cable TV industry representatives, apart from the IPv6 Forum.

Though the extent of progress achieved by the big Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to get themselves ready for the transition seemed to vary, R.M. Agarwal, Deputy Director-General, Telecommunication Engineering Centre, expressed confidence in their being able to meet the December, 2011 deadline.

He told The Hindu that preparatory to the change, the ISPs were also ‘taking care' of issues like acquiring enough IPv6 address blocks, resources that are apportioned internationally to networks in different regions of the world.

While some of the big ISPs were already in a position to offer IPv6 connectivity, the small and medium ISPs were not prepared for transition “because they are dependent on their upstream larger service providers in the chain,” the report had said. They would follow suit once the large service providers migrated to IPv6. All important Central government Ministries appointed nodal officers to get set for the transition, Mr. Agarwal said. All Central and State government Ministries and Departments, including its public sector units, are expected to switch over to IPv6 by March 2012.

The road map had suggested that a national centre of excellence, ‘Indian IPv6 Centre for Innovation,' be created to take over the activities of the Task Force in the long run. A separate ‘Transition Pipe,' which will channel traffic from one IPv6 network to another, has been suggested, especially by the ISPs. “The working group concerned will take up this issue with all stakeholders,” Mr. Agarwal said.

source :: http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/internet/article884312.ece

It's really heartening to note things are moving as per roadmap.

Hope this deadline remains intact without any extensions.

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Last IP addresses allocated, says IANA

The internet reached a watershed moment on Thursday when the authority in charge of IP addresses allocated the last available addresses.

The Miami, Florida-based Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) said it had allocated the last of the so-called IPv4 address spaces.

A few days ago, IANA said it was down to the last five unallocated “Class A” batches, each containing 16 million addresses.

The allocation means that IANA has reached the full capacity of 4.3 billion IP addresses around the globe.

IANA now says it is speeding up work on the next-generation IP address, the Internet Protocol version 6, or IPv6.

source :: http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/internet/article1153737.ece

Let us hope and pray that our ISPs are sensing the impending danger and invest sufficiently for IPV6 migration by deadline Dec 2011.

It's much important for our Govt. departments to migrate to IPV6 on priority basis as this year is the large scale implementation year of UID.

Let us hope the task forces constituted are doing their assigned tasks with this breaking news in mind.

  • Haha 1

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A great and strenuous shift to next generation IP

The world will soon have a new Internet. Each device connected to the World Wide Web is identified through a unique number, similar to a phone number, called the Internet Protocol (IP) address. A 32-bit identifier, the Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4), has been in use since 1981. Now, the numbers are running out.

On February 1, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority assigned the last batch of IPv4 addresses. Most countries are now gearing to shift to the next generation of IP.

IPv6 is a 128-bit protocol, offering a vastly expanded address space. The shift to a new version is akin to Indian telephone operators converting their landline numbering scheme from 6 digits to 8 digits so as to accommodate more subscribers. This shift, which is inevitable due to the rapid growth of the Internet, will require both hardware as well as a software upgrade. For example, a typical IPv6 address would look like this: 3ffe:0501:0008:0000:0260:-97ff:fe40:efab. Such an address will require eight slots, whereas most devices and associated software that exist today have only four slots.

“The existing pool of IP addresses allocated to the Asia Pacific region will run out some time in 2012,” says S. Kusumba, a former executive council member of the Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre, which is the Regional Internet Registry for the Asia Pacific region. However, unlike countries like Japan that have made 75 per cent of their networks IPv6-ready, the situation in India is quite alarming.

“Only five to six per cent of networks in India have deployed IPv6-compatible equipment. Network elements such as routers, switches and servers must be upgraded immediately to be able to communicate with IPv6 networks or else the inter-web will become fragmented. Indian Internet users would just not be able to access some portions of the Internet,” Mr.Kusumba says.

He says the residential user need not panic as their Operating System (OS) will definitely be IPv6-compatible, and they will be alerted by their Internet Service Provider (ISP) if a modem upgrade is required. “Corporates and medium enterprises will face a major challenge as they must also start installing translation engines to achieve inter-operability between IPv4 and IPv6.”

Rajesh Chharia, president of the Internet Service Providers Association of India, says the government has prepared a road map to make all networks IPv6-compatible, “but it will have to start by putting official websites, banks and railway booking sites on the IPv6 network.”

As part of the road map, a National Internet Registry will soon be set up. Mr. Chharia claims ISPs have not migrated their customers “owing to the absence of content.” “Also, we cannot just scrap all IPv4 equipment. Migration requires some investment, and it can only be done by the government.”

source :: http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/article1448139.ece

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Source: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/new-version-of-internet-addresses-available-in-india-297597

The Internet addresses under the present version IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) are limited and service providers often assign single IP address to many users, making it difficult to identify the end user.

How it is possible.... If so how the data is send and received if many have same ip address.

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